Brebul | Facts & Information

# Brebul | Facts & Information

Brebul | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Brebul

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The Hoopoe, also known as Upupa epops, is a fascinating and enchanting animal that can be found in various parts of the world, including Romania. It belongs to the family Upupidae and is known for its beautiful plumage and distinctive behavior. We will explore several aspects about this amazing bird.

The Hoopoe is a medium-sized animal, measuring approximately 30-40 centimeters in length. It has short legs and a long, curved beak that is excellent for capturing insects in the ground. Its plumage is primarily composed of vibrant colors such as brown, white, and black. The most notable features of the Hoopoe are its fan-shaped crest, which can be raised and lowered as desired, and its plumage, which is mostly white but has black stripes and an orange patch on the back of the head.

This animal lives in diverse habitats, including forests, wetlands, and parks. It is also present in Romania and can be observed especially in hilly and flat areas, where it finds good places for feeding and nesting. The main source of food for the Hoopoe consists of insects, and its long, curved beak helps it probe the ground in search of them. Among its favorite insects are beetles, locusts, and larvae of different insects.

An interesting aspect of the Hoopoe is its prey-capturing behavior. When it detects an insect in the ground, the Hoopoe opens its crest, emits a harsh and buzzing sound, and quickly plunges its beak into the ground to catch its prey. This distinctive behavior has become a symbol of the Hoopoe and makes it easily identifiable in the landscape. Additionally, this prey-catching action is accompanied by a rhythmic movement of the wings, which helps the Hoopoe maintain its balance during the feeding process.

After catching the insect, the Hoopoe hits it against a branch or a stone to paralyze it and make it easier to swallow. This ability ensures that it does not need to spend energy wrapping the insect in hair strands like other birds.

As for reproduction, the Hoopoe forms pairs and nests in tree hollows or even in building walls. The female lays between 4 and 7 eggs, and both parents are involved in incubating them and feeding the chicks. Hoopoe chicks hatch after approximately 3 weeks and become independent after a few additional weeks.

Unfortunately, the Hoopoe faces threats such as deforestation, pollution, and loss of natural habitats. These human activities have led to a decline in the number of Hoopoes in some parts of the world. Therefore, it is important to raise awareness about the importance of conserving natural habitats and take measures to protect these beautiful birds.

In conclusion, the Hoopoe is a wonderful animal, known for its spectacular plumage and distinctive behavior. This captivating bird feeds on insects and builds its nests in trees or walls. However, its habitat is threatened by human activities, and increased attention is needed to protect and conserve the Hoopoe and its natural environment.









The surprising series of animals that lived in our country continues with the European beaver or brebul, as the Romanian Peasant has always called it. This large rodent lived along all the rivers in the Roman lands. We also have in the case of BREB a series of evidences cantoned in the toponymy and Romanian history. Besides the multitude of villages with the name of Brebu, Brebeni, tail of Brebenel, Brebena, Brebena, we also have the name of a series of ponds and swamps such as Brebul Balta or Brabul in Dolj County. Unlike the North American beavers, which are social, the Beavers were solitary animals, always quartered near lakes, ponds, and streams. The only cause of the disappearance was hunting for meat, which was especially appreciated, being used in the preparation of special sausages whose exact recipe was lost in the mists of time. From the teeth of breb peasants make a talisman that they hung around the neck of children. The Romans had ancient knowledge about the Beavers ' habit of knocking down trees and making water dams, as evidenced by the popular riddle collected by an ethnologist at the end of the XIX century, when brebul was already extinct:

Tartorul gherlani

A whole lock knocks down

To make a grist mill.”

Brews disappear one at a time throughout Europe. In England since 1188, in Scotland in 1520, in France 1820, in Switzerland in 1841, Lithuania in 1877. Around 1900, the bream disappeared from the Caucasus, Altai and Siberian Mountains. The last breb from the Romanian countries disappeared in 1823 from the Moldavia-Veche area, Caras-Severin County. Brebul was reintroduced in Romania in 1998, as a result of a program started by the minister of Environment at that time. There were brought 21 Beavers from Bavaria, being released in nature in the area of the confluence between the Black River and the estelnic Creek in Brasov County. Currently there are about 350 brebi living in our country along the rivers Olt, Mures and Ialomita. Unfortunately, the success story of BREB reintroduction has not been replayed in the case of other extinct species.

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