Brown snail (pomacea canaliculata) | Facts & Information

# Brown Snail (Pomacea Canaliculata) | Facts & Information

Brown Snail (Pomacea Canaliculata) | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Brown Snail (Pomacea Canaliculata)

It can be found under the common name: channeled applesnail. It is also called Giant Brown apple Snail.

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Brown Snail (Pomacea Canaliculata)

Brown Snail (Pomacea Canaliculata)

The Brown Snail, also known by its scientific name Pomacea canaliculata, is one of the most well-known and widespread snails in the world. It belongs to the Ampullariidae family and is native to South America but has been introduced to other parts of the world, either accidentally or intentionally. Its popularity and adaptability have contributed to its spread in a variety of aquatic environments.

The Brown Snail has a conical body of impressive size, reaching up to 15 centimeters in length. Its shell is brown and has light or dark stripes depending on the individual. This shell shape provides the necessary protection against predators and environmental changes.

One of the distinctive characteristics of this snail is its unique respiratory system. It has a modified respiratory tube called a siphon, which can be extended and taken out of the water to capture air from the atmosphere. This mechanism allows the snail to breathe both underwater and above it, making it adaptable to various environmental conditions.

The Brown Snail is a herbivore mainly feeding on aquatic plants, including algae, shoreline vegetation, and even lotus flowers. It can also consume decomposing organic matter or remnants of dead fish and other animals. By consuming plants, the snail also acts as a natural control agent for them in nature.

Due to their adaptability to different environments, Brown Snails can survive in freshwater, brackish, and saltwater, as well as in ponds, marshes, streams, slow rivers, and even in polluted lakes. The density of Brown Snail populations can vary depending on habitat and access to food. For example, under certain conditions, they can form large colonies of tens of thousands of individuals.

One interesting feature of the Brown Snail is that it is a hermaphrodite. This means that each individual has both male and female reproductive organs and is capable of self-fertilization. However, in most cases, snails prefer sexual reproduction and lay their eggs in gelatinous masses on submerged surfaces, such as water plants or pond walls.

The Brown Snail has the potential to become a pest in certain ecosystems. For example, in some parts of the world, it has been introduced for the purpose of controlling invasive aquatic plants. However, due to their high egg-laying capacity and reproduction frequency, Brown Snails have spread rapidly and have become an invasive species in many places, with a negative impact on local biodiversity.

In conclusion, the Brown Snail is a fascinating and adaptable animal that has conquered aquatic environments worldwide. Although it can have negative effects on some ecosystems, it is also an important component of the food chain and a control element for aquatic plants. Studying the Brown Snail can help us better understand how certain species adapt and interact with their environment, providing us with new perspectives in the field of biology and ecology.









The brown giant snail (Pomacea Canaliculata) is a large species of freshwater snail that belongs to the family Ampullariidae. It is native to South America, specifically the countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and Brazil.

Pomacea Canaliculata

Aquarium snails are not at all picky about food, they eat almost anything they can break into pieces and that can be inserted into the mouth. Vegetables such as cucumbers, spinach, carrots and lettuce, fish-based food, dead fish, other snails and their eggs, algae, shrimp are eaten without any problems. The amount of food given to snails should be adapted to their needs. In practice, this means not giving more than they can eat before the food depreciates into the water. Fear of overeating is not necessary, but it would be a good idea to restrict the amount of food in smaller pools to avoid excessive waste production.

Because aquarium snails have large amounts of microorganisms in their intestines that help them digest food, the water can slow down as these microorganisms are released into the water. This is not directly harmful and can even be a good thing as a food source for fish. Good filtration and limiting the amount of food can reduce this phenomenon.

Features Pomacea Canaliculata

Aquarium snails can coexist with most fish without problems, but fish-eating snail species should be avoided.

Also, many fish try to pinch their tentacles, but this is not a problem because snails adapt quickly and keep their tentacles under the shell.

It is generally recommended a volume of 10 liters of water for each medium-sized snail. It is also necessary to cover the pool to avoid nocturnal escapades. It is also necessary to leave a space of a few cm between the water and the lid to provide the snails with fresh air. Even if they have gills and lungs, they will drown without air. If you want to breed snails, a space of about 10 cm is required because otherwise the snails will have difficulty storing eggs above the water.

Reproduction Pomacea Canaliculata

Sexual dimorphism: snails are hermaphroditic, meaning they have both male and female reproductive organs but for reproduction it requires the eggs to be fertilized by another individual.

Snails should start mating and producing eggs if living conditions are good. High temperatures and plenty of food should trigger this process. Keep in mind that this may take some time and so patience is needed. The seasons can also influence the reproductive activity of snails.

Once the eggs are ready, the female leaves the water at night in search of a suitable place for their storage. In the aquarium, this place will be on the walls or on the lid, while in ponds it can be any object close to the surface of the water.The eggs are laid one after another and attached to each other in a tight lattice. They are soft and have a milky color upon deposition, but Harden within a few hours. Their definitive color (white, green, pinkish to strong orange, depending on the species) appears after a day or two.

The eggs should remain moist, but not wet and never covered in water, because the young snails would drown. In general, this should not be a problem in a basin with a lid.

Keep in mind that not all species of aquarium snails lay aerial eggs. The common Horned giant (Marisa cornuarietis), for example, lays aquatic eggs in gelatinous network.

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