Cercopitec | Facts & Information

# Cercopitec | Facts & Information

Cercopitec | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Cercopitec

Reproduction: sexual maturity is reached at 4 years

Area: Asia, Africa and America

Habitat: Arboreal

Food: Omnivorous

Size: 38-76 cm

Weight: up to 13 kg.

Colours: greenish yellow and whitish

Speed: Agile

Average age: 30 years

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Lifestyle: live in groups of up to 30 individuals

Predators: large felines, but also hyenas, Eagles, snakes

Features: has 32 teeth with a dental formula similar to human

The cercopithecus (Latin Circopithecus) or green monkey is a genus of arboreal animal in the family Cercopithecidae. It lives in the tropical and equatorial forests of Asia, Africa and America.

Cercopithecids (Cercopithecidae – from the Greek kerkos = tail (of an animal) + pithamascos = monkey) is a family of four-legged, plantigrade, arboreal and terrestrial catarrhal monkeys with a nonchensile, long or rudimentary tail, comprising cercopithecus, macaque, pavian, Magot, etc.Cercopithecids are divided into two subfamilies: cercopithecines (Cercopithecinae) and colobines (Colobinae). All cercopithecids are quadruped and plantigrade animals, either arboreal (live on trees) or terrestrial (live on Earth). Many species prefer virgin forests, crossed by rivers or swamps and gladly settle near human crops, in which they can do great damage. Some species are not related to the forest area, meeting very frequently in desert regions or on rocks. Cercopithecids are not related to the existence of a certain temperature, since there are species in the Himalayas that can live even at 4000 m altitude, as well as on the plateaus of Tibet.   

Considered one of the most prevalent primates in Africa, the cercopithecus can easily adapt to a variety of habitats. Usually in groups of up to 30 individuals, these agile monkeys live on the edge of forests and even in the middle of steppe habitats with shrubby vegetation, throughout sub-Saharan Africa and always around permanent water sources.

Large felines such as Leopards, as well as hyenas, Eagles and snakes are just some of the animals that attack cercopithecus. Domestic dogs pose a serious threat to the cercopithecus, as do humans who hunt monkeys.

The main causes of threat to the species lie in massive deforestation and destruction of the natural habitat. They are listed under Cites Appendix II, and according to the IUCN classification are not threatened with extinction. Unfortunately, these animals are caught and sold as pets.


Cercopithecus are omnivorous, with a strong emphasis on fruit. Their food often includes insects, plant matter, and sometimes eggs, mammals, and small birds.


Cercopithecus has a body covered with a greenish-yellow fur on the back and whitish on the abdomen .on the side of the body the skin is thickened ,and the hair is missing. She has a medium waist. The fur is rich, the face almost devoid of hair. The musculature of the girl does not allow mimicry. The tail is long, thin, but can often be absent and is never prehensile. The forelimbs are no longer than the hind ones. All cercopithecids have gluteal callosities most often brightly and variously colored, hypertrophying especially in the period before ovulation. Dentition with well-developed canines. They have 32 teeth with a human-like dental formula. The cercopithecus is somewhat larger than a cat, the head is round and lengthened with a muzzle, the eyes are placed in front, under the forehead, as in humans, and the arches of the eyebrows are thickened. The nose is flattened, with nostrils close together, separated by a thin wall. He has the same number of teeth as a human. Both the forelimbs and the hind ones have 5 long fingers, finished with wide nails, as in humans, not with claws, and the thumb is opposable, that is, it can be brought in front of the other 4, forming together a kind of grasping pliers (as in human hands). Thus, the monkey can grab with the forelimbs, as with the hind ones. 


Cercopithecus call a wide variety of alarm sounds, which are used to warn others of potential danger. Each call elicits a different response, such as running into trees or looking to the sky to be aware of the danger from above. They are highly sociable animals, travel in small groups and are one of the few species to have multi-male groups. High-ranking males demonstrate their place in the hierarchy by placing their tail in an upright, stiff position and walking past lower-ranking males. Because it imitates man, making funny gestures, cercopithecus is domesticated and kept in the circus, menageries, zoo. 


Reproduction takes place in December and January, pregnancy lasts 7-9 months, usually only one cub is born.

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