Chicken | Facts & Information
# Chicken | Facts & Information
Chicken | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Chicken
Lifespan: 5 to 11 years
Where he lives: householders
Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
Predators: humans, foxes, raccoons
How does the chicken:
Let's see some of the breeds of chickens:
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What they eat: seeds, fruits, insects, berries
Domestic hens, descended from the wild ancestor Gallus, a bird that is very similar to some of the hens in terms of plumage color, body conformance and sounds it makes.The domestication of chickens was done in Asia long before our era.
The first written mentions of the presence of domestic chickens in Europe are found in the Greeks, numerous references made and Roman writers, testimonies of the existence of domestic chickens in Europe transmitting to us both Gauls and ancient Slavs. Domestication caused some morphological, physiological and behavioral changes.
The appearance of morphological changes, as well as the amplification of physiological ones are strictly related to certain changes in the hereditary basis of the bird organism, manifested after tens and tens of generations (maybe hundreds, even thousands) bred in captivity and tamed.
It is not known how the hens arrived on the current territory of our country, through whom and in what period. However, chicken, chicken and Rooster have become extremely popular, which is seen not only in what we put on the table, but also in the language.
From chicken derived words like gainar and gainarie. This fact indicates that the hens were cheap, the one who lends himself to stealing a hens being a small-scale villain. From here, gainar and gainaria were linked to minor offenses.
There are also some interesting expressions: to sleep with the hens, to have the blind of the hens, to laugh at the hens (turkeys), cant? chicken in the House, stupid as a chicken, like a chicken (turkey) rained, etc.they are phrases that we use mechanically, most of the time without thinking about where they come from.
Usually chickens are not very picky birds. They do not need specific food, especially if you grow them for eggs and meat.
Bran, corn, wheat, grass, lettuce, onions, tomatoes, all eat.
Obviously, from time to time it's good to give them some special feeds, available on the Romanian market.
Although for the elderly or for those who grew up in the country, keeping birds in the yard does not seem too complicated, things are never? so simple.
Poultry cannot all live in the same place. Incompatibilities exist even in the yard. Depending on the type, age group, species, birds must be bred separately.
Depending on the species and the birds have certain needs. For example, mute Ducks don't get along with geese and dwarf hens aren't friends with majestic turkeys.
Also, chickens should be protected from the presence of larger chickens, especially Roosters. First of all because of the viruses that chickens can acquire, but also because older hens will beat the little ones.
It is advisable that in the chicken pen there is a large portion of grass. In winter, when temperatures drop, the hens must have a chicken coop where Frost does not enter .
The temperature in the nest should not? drop below 13 degrees celsius. If it's too cold, the chickens won't lay eggs either. To prevent the birds from getting sick, it is good to have a ventilation system, especially if the humidity in the nest is at a high level.
Most people know what a chicken or a rooster looks like.
This is a bird with a sharp beak, with brightly colored feathers, the legs end with claws, the wings are not very long, for this reason it does not even fly a few meters maximum.
The Kurokashiwa breed is considered to be part of the group of long-tailed ornamental birds, and although it has a rather long yell, it is not part of the group of Japanese "singing" birds. This rooster comes from a line developed in north-central Japan and shows a beautiful, peculiar shape, and a rich tail with an exceptional line. There are usually two predominant types of plumage.
The feathers on the back are very rich , but not expressively long. The cry of this rooster is long and loud, without undulations and other sounds. Some sources state that the Kurokashiwa is not a strong-willed Bird and should not be included in this category, given that all specimens of this breed existing in Europe have very long screaming.
The face of the chickens is completely black, and of the Roosters is black-reddish, with a lot of black pigment at the base of the ridge. The tapla of the foot is dark olive in color with spots. The nails on the fingers should be dark gray in color. A large bird, the hen is an excellent mother of nature. If handled regularly, this breed can become very affectionate and can be wonderful pets.
Rasa Totenko is a member of the long-shrieked group, along with Kurokashiwa, Tomaru and Koyeoshi. It should not be confused with the German Phoeix breed, with which it shows many similarities (white earlobes, long feathers). The distinguishing factor between Totenko and Phoenix is the olive-green legs and the open rather than tight tail of Totenko birds.
Another differentiating factor is the carcass and body, which are lighter and more delicate in structure than Phoenix birds. Due to characteristics too similar to the Phoenix breed, the Totenko breed has been denied recognition in Germany in recent years.
These birds are, first, long-tailed birds, and, only secondly, long-tailed birds. If it is crossed with other breeds, the voice can be lost quite quickly.
The most important thing in the supervised breeding of these very delicate birds is to cooperate with other breeders and Exchange animals when fresh blood is needed in the selection process.
The Totenko Bird is, as rare as it is spectacularly beautiful, and its screaming is a real song. What wishing to breed such birds need to be prepared to devote a lot of time and effort, because these birds, like most Japanese birds, do not have the strong and hardy nature of European birds. Totenko, like other ornamental birds (Shamo, Ko-Shamo, Chibi) are very sensitive to bacteria and viral bacteria from the Western world.
Be prepared with coccidiosis drugs especially when young, as many of these birds can suddenly die from infections with common bacteria. General characteristics: simple crest, earlobe is white, eyes are red-brown
Hens of the Ohiki breed are small in stature, and body size varies depending on the particular color line of the birds.
What is very important about this breed is the Chabo or Cochin carcass, the tartite of these small birds having a distinctive, well-rounded shape. There are also different types of Ohiki, depending on the plumage, some of these types having a little more blood of onagadori, which imprinted its characteristic long tail, more than 90 cm long. Not all Japanese agree with this line of breeding. Some types have a tail of 60-80 cm, being easier to carry by these small birds.
The feathers on the back have to tingle the ground. The color of the legs is olive, and this Color is reflected in the lobes of the ears until the bird reaches developmental maturity. It is worth noting that the earlobe reflects the color of the feet, which is quite rare.
The Ohiki breed has some breeding problems, but is generally not as delicate as other Japanese breeds bred in Europe.
All animals are guided by basic natural instincts, and chickens are no exception. One of the most powerful instincts shown by chickens is to hatch. Hatching is a cyclical process through which most chickens pass at certain periods of time.
Once it is clear that the bird is hatching, you must be very vigilant. It is normal for a hen to leave its nest only once or twice every 24 hours to feed, drink water and defecate! You need to make sure that you drink water and eat, as you risk getting seriously ill if you do not drink fluids for 24-48 hours. You may need to take her in your arms and take her to the place of food and drinking water.
Although access to food and water should be facilitated as much as possible, you must resist the temptation to put any food near the nests, as this will discourage the hen from moving and, perhaps, begin to defecate in the nest. To reduce the risks associated with low activity and parasitic infections, a brooding chicken should be checked and, if necessary, treated with appropriate medications.
The chicken may lose weight during clocele, but the good part is that in 21 days, closca will reward you with one or more fluffy puppies and you will be able to enjoy that Mother Nature has done its job again, helping the chicken to raise its chicks.
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