Gavial | Facts & Information

# Gavial | Facts & Information

Gavial | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Gavial


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The Gharial, also known as the Ganges Gharial, is a fascinating freshwater reptile that primarily inhabits the rivers of India and Nepal. With its unique appearance and interesting history, it is often considered a true living treasure of nature.

The Gharial belongs to the crocodile family and is one of the largest and rarest crocodiles in the world. It can reach a length of over 6 meters and weighs approximately 350 kilograms. Its characteristic appearance makes it easily recognizable: it has a long and narrow snout, with a distinct V-shaped formation on its head, known as a "ghara". This facial feature clearly differentiates it from other species of crocodiles and is specially adapted for feeding in rivers.

The Gharial prefers to live in fast-flowing and deep rivers, where it feeds on fish and other aquatic animals. Throughout recorded history, the Gharial has experienced a significant population decline due to excessive hunting, habitat degradation, and increasing pollution. It is currently considered a critically endangered species and is protected by law.

An interesting aspect of the Gharial is that this species has an incredibly ancient history. Fossils discovered show that these crocodiles existed approximately 65 million years ago and have survived to the present day despite the profound changes and mass extinctions in Earth's history. This makes the Gharial an animal of special importance in terms of research and understanding the evolution of life on our planet.

For travelers and researchers alike, encountering a Gharial in the wild is a stunning experience. These crocodiles have an impressive presence and may seem intimidating at first glance, but they are usually passive animals and do not pose a threat to humans under normal circumstances. However, it is important not to disturb them in their natural habitat and to show the appropriate respect for this endangered species.

To protect the Gharial and its natural habitat, Indian and Nepalese authorities have initiated conservation and education programs. These programs aim to conserve the crocodiles and educate people about the importance of preserving biodiversity for our common future. Efforts are also being made to improve the water quality in rivers and reduce pollution, which is a long and complex task.

In conclusion, the Gharial is a fascinating and rare animal deserving of our attention and care. With its distinctive appearance and ancient history, it is a natural treasure that must be protected for future generations to admire and study. Through our conservation and education efforts, we can contribute to preventing the extinction of this unique species and the protection of the ecosystems they are a part of.









The Gavial (Gavialis gangeticus) is also known as the fish-eating crocodile. 

It belongs to the family Gavialidae, and is native to the northern part of the Indian continent.

The population of the Gavial is quite small. There are still several hundred specimens and they are declining due to shrinking and habitat deterioration.


As its name suggests, it feeds mostly on pest, but also on amphibians or crustaceans.

Their jaws are too thin and delicate they cannot pounce on large prey or humans.

One of the preferred feeding methods is ambush.


Males reach maturity around the age of 13. They gather and make a harem of several females that they protect.

During the dry season the females prepare their nest at 1-5 meters from the water. The Nest has a depth of 50-60cm in which 20-90 eggs are laid.

Gavial eggsare the largest crocodile eggs. They weigh 160 grams.

After 70-90 days of incubation the chicks emerge. Their sex is given by temperature.

The Cubs will have their mother's protection for a while.

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