Hummingbird | Facts & Information

# Hummingbird | Facts & Information

Hummingbird | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Hummingbird

Hummingbird (Hummingbird) belongs to the family Trochilidae. It can be found from south of Alaska to the Caribbean islands.

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Most species are found in tropical and subtropical areas of Southern and Central Africa.

There have been 25 different species recorded in the U.S., fewer than 10 in Canada, more than 160 in Colombia, Ecuador 130.

This is one of the smallest birds that has lengths between 7 and 13cm. The smallest bird is also a hummingbird that is only 5cm long.

It can flap its wings in the air 12 to 90 times per second depending on the species. Its name comes from the English language from the hum made by the wings that move with amazing rapidity. it can fly at a speed of over 15m / s.

Hummingbird Food

The hummingbird feeds on the sweet nectar picked from certain flowers. Like The Bee, it is able to assess the amount of sugar in nectar, rejecting flower types with a sugar percentage of less than 10%, preferring flowers with as much sugar as possible.

Nectar is a poor source of nutrients, and to fill the need for protein, amino acids, vitamins and minerals hunts various types of insects and spiders.

Most hummingbirds have a long, straight beak adapted to the specific type of feeding, namely, the extraction of pollen from flowers.

When feeding on nectar the beak is usually opened very little allowing the tongue to protrude inside the flowers. They do not spend all day in the air, flying, because it would mean a high energy consumption.

Most of their time they spend on tree branches, feeding on many small meals of nectar, up to 12 times their body weight daily.

They spend an average of 10-15% of their time feeding and 70-80% resting and siesta. Hummingbirds have coevolved with the flowers from which it feeds helping to pollinate them throughout the feeding period.

Features Hummingbirds

The flight of hummingbirds has been extensively studied from aerodynamic perspectives using high-speed wind tunnels and video cameras.

As a result of the study it was observed that the flight of these birds in an upright position and the beating of the wings very fast. The largest hummingbird flies with 8-10 wing beats per second, a medium-sized hummingbird with 20-25 beats, and the smallest bird reaches 100 wing beats per second.

With the exception of insects, hummingbirds, in flight, have the fastest metabolism of all animals. The heartbeat reaches 1260 per minute.

She also consumes a greater amount of nectar than her own weight and to do this she "visits" hundreds of flowers daily.

Hummingbirds consume so much energy that if they do not eat they die almost instantly, because the body very quickly makes reserves of food that reach them overnight.

They are able to slow down their metabolism at night or when they are not flying. Enter a state of hibernation where the heartbeat decreases dramatically, up to 50-180 per minute, thus reducing energy consumption.

The detailed study of hummingbirds answered the question: How can this small bird cross the Gulf of Mexico in flight without a break? Before migrating, it makes reserves of fat as energy, thus increasing the bird's potential to fly.

Most hummingbirds have an exotic coloration. Experts say that in many species the color does not come from pigment, but from light.

Breeding Hummingbirds

From current knowledge males do not participate in nesting. Most species build a cup-shaped nest on the branches of tropical trees.

Nest size varies from species to species. Many birds use cobwebs to tie the nest and make it stable.

The unique properties of the spider web allow them to enlarge, nest with the growth of chicks. The nest usually contains two eggs, and in addition to being the smallest bird eggs seem to be for these animals.

Incubation lasts 14 to 23 days, depending on the species, ambient and temperature. The mother feeds the young with small insects, other creatures (arthropods, etc.) and nectar by regurgitating the food right in the beak of the chicks.

Many hummingbirds die in the first year of life because they are vulnerable when they leave the nest. Those who manage to cross this threshold can live 10 years or more.

The average life has settled somewhere around the age of 3-5 years. The longest-lived Hummingbird was an adult who lived 12 years.

Other records were recorded depending on the species for 10 and 11 years.

Hummingbird pictures

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Did you know that …

The hummingbird is also called "Fly bird"

The hummingbird is the only bird that flies backwards.

The hummingbird dies quickly if caught in a net, locked in a cage or assaulted.

The heart of a hummingbird beats 1,200 times a minute.

The egg of a ruby-necked hummingbird is smaller than a pea.

A hummingbird weighs only 3.2 grams.

The hummingbird chirps

The hummingbird is also a well-known Romanian band. Chirps is an album by the band Hummingbird released in 1998. This album is a reissue of the old successes of the three members at the forefront of the band


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Hummingbird | Facts & InformationHummingbird | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Hummingbird