Jackal | Facts & Information

# Jackal | Facts & Information

Jackal | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Jackal

In Romania The Jackal appears especially in the Danube Delta where it usually runs in packs. It has been seen in Oltenia, Muntenia and Dobrogea.

Area: Europe, Asia and Africa

Habitat: forests and savannas

Food: Carnivore

Size: 90 – 105 cm

Weight: 6.8-11 kg

Speed: 45 km / h (30 mph)

Colors: brown, gray, white, cream

Breeding: 4 – 5 chicks

Predators: hyena, leopard, Eagle

Live: in the pack

Average age: 8 – 15 years

Features: small body, large ears and eyes

Species of jackals:

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The jackal is a fascinating animal that can be found in various regions of the world, such as Europe, Southwest Asia, and North Africa. It belongs to the Canidae family and is related to dogs, wolves, and foxes. With its amazing appearance and interesting behavior, the jackal is a captivating subject of study in the world of zoology.

There are nine recognized species of jackals, with the most well-known being the golden jackal (Canis aureus). It inhabits South Eurasia, North Africa, and Arabia. Golden jackals are easily recognizable creatures due to their dense yellow fur and white throat. They have a medium size, measuring approximately 40-50 centimeters in shoulder height and up to 90 centimeters in total body length. Their weight varies between 6 and 15 kilograms.

Another typical jackal from North Africa is the black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas). It is named as such due to the dark color of its fur on the back and neck. Black-backed jackals are the largest among the jackal species, reaching a size of 60-70 centimeters in height and a weight of up to 15-20 kilograms.

Jackals are considered social animals and live in groups called packs or bands. These groups consist of monogamous pairs, and breeding is done in a single common den. Females can give birth to 3-6 pups each year. Jackal pups are completely dependent on their parents in the first few weeks of life and primarily receive food from them. After approximately two months, the pups start to learn how to hunt and feed themselves.

Jackals have an omnivorous diet and consume a variety of foods, including rodents, insects, fruits, eggs, and carrion. Being efficient predators, they play an important role in the food chain in the ecosystems they inhabit, controlling rodent populations and maintaining balance.

Since jackals live in close proximity to humans and human settlements, they sometimes feed on garbage or domestic animals. This behavior has led to conflicts between humans and jackals. However, jackals are timid animals and usually try to avoid any interaction with humans.

Another interesting aspect of jackal behavior is their complex communication. They use different sounds, such as barking, howling, and growling, to express their emotions and communicate with members of their group. Non-verbal communication, such as body posture and tail movements, also play an important role in the social interaction of jackals.

Throughout history, jackals have often been present in mythology and folklore. In many cultures, they are considered intelligent and cunning creatures. In some stories and legends, jackals appear as enigmatic and mysterious characters with special powers.

In conclusion, jackals represent fascinating and important animals in the ecosystems they inhabit. With a variety of species and unique behavior, they have captivated the interest of humans for centuries. Studying jackals helps us better understand the interaction between animals and the surrounding environment and appreciate the importance of conserving these species in the wild.









The Jackal (Canis Aureus Moreoticus) is a wild carnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, similar to the wolf, but smaller than it, with a shorter tail and pointed snout, living in northern Africa, southern Asia and southern Europe.

Jackal Food

It is, like all canids, a potentially omnivorous animal, but which prefers carnivorous food. It feeds on insects, birds, mice and other rodents, but also on corn, grapes, etc.

He's also a scavenger. The fact that they feed on such a wide range of fruits, birds, animals, dead animals, etc.makes them very adaptable to the environments in which they live. Its activity is predominantly nocturnal.

Jackal Appearance

It is intermediate between the Wolf and the Fox, having the general shape similar to the Fox, but the fur with the same structure as the wolf, being therefore called "Golden Wolf".

The length of the body is 70-105 cm, not counting the tail (20-25 cm). At the withers it reaches up to 50 cm in height. The maximum weight is between 12-15 kg.

Golden jackal-Canis aureus

Side-striped jackal-Canis adustus

Black-backed jackal-Canis mesomelas

Jackal Behavior

The common Jackal lives in open savannas, desert and arid areas. They are often described as opportunistic carnivores. They hunt antelopes and other small animals.

They usually live alone or in pairs, but can also be seen in small packs.

They are among the few species in which the male and female mate for the rest of their lives or for the very long term.

They are territorial animals. Both females and males mark and defend their territory.

Jackal Breeding

Jackals dig their vision, shelter in one made by another animal before or hide in caves. Some jackals prefer Burrows with multiple exits.

The Jackal Barlog is not very deep, but it is usually located in lonely places, in vagauni with maracinis and other hard-to-reach places. There Jackal females usually give birth to 2-4 Cubs, but there are cases when up to 8-9 Cubs can be born.

Older brothers who have remained with their parents contribute to the upbringing of oribi newborn puppies. Newborn puppies will open their eyes only after 10 days.

Mating is done, as in the other canids, in February-March, gestation lasting all 62-63 days.

Chickens are fed with regurbed food until 2 months of age. From the age of 3 months he follows his parents. At the age of 6 months he hunts. For a while the parents feed, care and play with them.

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