Komondor | Facts & Information

# Komondor | Facts & Information

Komondor | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Komondor

Other names: Komondorok (plural), Hungarian Sheepdog, Hungarian Komondor, Mop Dog, Komondor dog

Origin: Hungary

Group: Working

Weight: 50-60 kg

Height:males: 71-76 cm females: 64-69 cm

Colors: white

Dressage: medium-difficult

Care: difficult

Health: generally healthy

Puppies: 6 – 12 puppies

Average age: 10 – 12 years

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Temperament: fearless, gentle, calm, loving, independent


The origins of the Komondor dog breed are still disputed. Their appearance and evolution on the territory of Hungary is attributed either to the tribes of Magyars, who settled in the Pannonian Plain around 890 C. E., or to the Cumans (nomadic population, Turkic language, resident on the territory of today's Hungary between the 12th and 13th centuries).

Some experts place the very origin of the name in correlation with the Cuman tribes (Komon= cuman, dor=caine; dog of the Cumans). Certainly, the pastors were the ones who brought with them this large, powerful and imposing dog. The first written mention of this breed is in a Codex from 1544. Today, in Hungary, the Komondor breed is declared a national treasure by law, and any improvements and transformations are prohibited.

Its out of the ordinary appearance, given by the fur grouped in impaslite strands, long, evenly arranged in successive layers, suggests a kinship with the breeds of Dogs Puli (Hungary) and Bergamasco.

Also, some physical and character traits suggest a connection between these dogs and the powerful white Caucasian Shepherd (South Russian Ovcharka). It goes without saying that these dogs originally appeared in an area with extremely harsh climate, which is why they developed very dense and dense fur, with special thread.

During World War II, Komondors were used to guard military equipment. Many died in the line of duty, and the breed became rare after the end of the war.

Their export from Hungary had become difficult during this period due to the turmoil in political and economic life. Finally, in the 1930s, the Komondor made its entrance on american soil. Some farmers in the United States still use Komondors to guard and protect their livestock, but most of them are now beloved pets.

Komondor Food

Dogs are, according to the general opinion, omnivorous. And this can only be argued if we ignore the fact that any breed of dog developed from the ancestral wolf that was and remained through the specimens of the present species a predominantly carnivorous animal.

The Komondor dog has not undergone many breed improvements, controlled crossbreeding, etc. that will significantly change its ancestral gene pool, so its inclination regarding diet will be one based on meat and animal products.

After all, the solution is to mix meat and animal products with vegetables, which this dog will accept in its food, especially when we organize its diet carefully, early on.

In addition to animal foods: beef, chicken, horse, goose, turkey, mutton, lamb and boneless fish (the latter in moderate amounts) a number of vegetables are recommended (attention to toxic ones-eg.onions) such as tomatoes, lettuce, spinach, potatoes (boiled in Peel and crushed), carrots (grated), celery, parsley, green beans and cabbage (this given maximum once a week).

To supplement the source of protein, amino acids and carbohydrates are recommended pork and beef offal (liver, kidneys, lungs), pasta, eggs (preferably boiled), cereals, milk, cheese and fruits (occasionally).

The bones are also a favorable source of calcium for the dog, but they must be of horse or beef origin (the poultry ones are brittle and produce dangerous chips) and with the marrow. Bones are useful in the diet of a Komondor and for good maintenance of dental hygiene.

The food administered must be well boiled, for homogenization, and the ration (Tain) must be supplemented according to the level of activity achieved by each animal. In Komondor dogs the secrets will be 5-6 in number (at 4 months), 4-5 (at 6 months), 3-4 (at 1 year) decreasing until the age of 2 years (maturity stage) to 2 servings per day, preferably administered in the morning and evening hours.

This big dog needs a lot of food. Standard specimens reach maturity to weigh 55-60 kilograms, and some dogs can reach, according to the accounts of some owners, even 70-75 kilograms!

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Appearance Komondor

Komondor is a large dog with a square body, strong, muscular. The head is large, proportional to the body, with dark almond-shaped eyes.

In general, the eyes of this dog are not visible (making it even more difficult to predict their reactions), being covered with hair. The ears are large, drooping, covered in turn by hair.

The tail is long, slightly turned at the tip, worn hanging, and in a state of agitation rises at most to the level of the back. The coat is special, very dense and long, contributing to the appearance of massiveness that the breed specimens denote.

The coat color is white (in ivory shade), it is double, with a fluffy first coat, very often, woolly and waterproof.

The upper layer grows long, smooth and curly, and often the strands are grouped into what might be called braided (naturally) cords. Little picky, it is weatherproof. He needs a determined and experienced dog breeder.

Komondor Behavior

Komondor displays a reassuring calm but doubled by an imperturbable courage in guarding and defending his entrusted flock, or his master's property and home. His attack is always based on surprise.

Komondor does not bark too much, so as not to alarm his enemies. This dog regards the property on which it is installed as its absolute territory and will not tolerate the presence of other beings.

Susceptibility is one of the native traits of the breed. He will not hesitate to attack massive animals such as bears or cougars and bravely stand up to packs of wolves, coyotes or jackals. He is very faithful to his master, but does not trust strangers.

It supports interaction with children. During the day he prefers a secluded position, lying in an area that provides him with the opportunity to visually survey the territory.

The dog will mow during the day, but will always keep an eye on those around him. At night, his usual behavior is that of an active guard, tirelessly patrolling his territory.

Komondor Dressage

Due to its size, strength, speed of reaction and specific temperament, a Komondor needs to start training exercises very early (4-8 months), otherwise it can register dangerous developments of its behavior.

It's a pretty smart dog, but it gets bored pretty quickly when it gets into routine exercise and becomes stubborn and uncooperative.

He needs to be constantly induced a cheerful mood, and the working background must be optimistic. Praise is a must in training with a Komondor, but also punctual corrections.

If allowed to display unfriendly and hostile behavior, the dog will easily make it his"business card". Therefore, consistent corrections, even towards a young puppy, are necessary to ensure the development of an adult dog with well-adjusted behavior.

Komondor needs early socialization and to be exposed to many new situations from a young age. Since guard dog instincts are very strong (implemented in his character naturally), lack of socialization can lead to an excess of aggression in situations where the dog is faced with new situations or people.

Naturally it was a dog that was allowed a great freedom of decision, so it will react quite hard to obedience training. It's harder to learn commands in training, but once he gets a command, he will constantly follow it.

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Features Komondor

The fur of this breed does not brush, but must be plucked by hand the tufts that form from the fluff that falls if you want to form a fur in the form of fringe.

When it comes to bathing, the activity is recommended only in the warm season, since its very dense fur needs a few days to dry completely. Komondor needs a generous plot of land in which to make his daily move, a wide yard being the best choice.

It is an outdoor dog, very well tolerating temperature variations during all seasons.

It is not recommended as an indoor dog, because it is too large a dog and its specific behavior, as an alert guard will make it difficult to bear. It is an excellent guard dog for herds of herbivores, for property and housing.

Komondor Diseases

Gastric torsion (dilation) is a sudden life-threatening condition associated with filling the stomach with air and torsion.

Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the coxofemoral joint that results in pain, lameness and consequent arthritis.

Entropion is a condition of the eyelids that involves twisting inwards their free edge.

Eyelashes at the level of the free edge of the eyelids irritate the surface of the eyeball, which can lead to much more serious problems.

The average life span of the Komondor is 10-12 years.

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