Mountain dragon | Facts & Information

# Mountain Dragon | Facts & Information

Mountain Dragon | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Mountain Dragon

The Mountain Dragon (acanthosaura armata) belongs to a species of lizard that inhabits tropical forest regions with dense vegetation in Southern Asia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, China and Thailand.

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Mountain Dragon

Mountain Dragon

Mountains Dragon, also known by its scientific name Testudo hermanni, is a fascinating species of tortoise found in mountainous and hilly areas of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. These mysterious creatures attract people's attention through their grandeur and impressive appearance. In this article, we will explore the characteristics and habitat of the mountain dragon, as well as their behavior and the importance of conserving this species.

The mountain dragon is a medium-sized tortoise, reaching approximately 20-30 centimeters in length and weighing around 2-3 kilograms. Their shell is usually oval and slightly domed, and their color varies from yellow to dark brown, with darker spots forming a distinctive pattern. The neck and legs of these animals are covered in short, sturdy scales, which help defend their body and protect them from potential predators.

The natural habitat of the mountain dragon consists of mountainous and hilly areas, especially those covered in dense vegetation and rocks. These tortoises prefer to live in areas with sandy and nutrient-poor soils, where they can hide and adapt more easily to the surrounding environment. Therefore, mountain dragons can be found in coniferous forests, shrub areas, and rocky slopes in hilly and mountainous regions.

Despite their stubborn and hard-to-penetrate appearance, mountain dragons are extremely shy reptiles and generally avoid contact with humans. They are terrestrial and active animals, though they prefer to spend their time in shady areas or under rocks. Mountain dragons are generally herbivorous, feeding on plants, leaves, flowers, and even some fruits. However, they are not strangers to consuming insects, worms, and other small animals to obtain the necessary protein supplements.

During the mating season, mountain dragons exhibit competitive and territorial behavior. Males engage in fights to gain the right to reproduce with females, using their heads and shells to fight and assert their dominance. After mating, the female usually deposits 2-5 eggs in sandy soil and carefully guards them until the hatchlings emerge. The incubation period varies depending on the temperature of the environment and can range from a few months to a year.

Unfortunately, mountain dragons face threats and challenges in their natural habitat. Habitat loss caused by deforestation and urbanization is a major problem for the survival of these species. In addition, uncontrolled hunting and illegal capture for the pet trade have significantly reduced the number of individuals in this species.

Therefore, it is essential to implement adequate conservation measures to protect mountain dragons. These measures include creating protected areas and nature reserves, promoting education and public awareness regarding the importance of wildlife conservation, and combating illegal trade in animals. It is also important to undertake captive breeding actions to ensure the survival of the species and prevent their disappearance from their natural environment.

In conclusion, the mountain dragon is a fascinating and impressive creature originating from the mountainous and hilly regions of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. With their distinctive characteristics and specialized habitat, these tortoises are certainly a species worthy of study and protection. By conserving them, we ensure that our descendants will be able to admire and learn more about the beauty of these wonderful creatures.

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Origin

The Mountain Dragon belongs to the order Squamata and the family Agamidae.

It is also known as the mountain Agama.

Feeding the Mountain Dragon

Its food consists mainly of insects, especially crickets and insect larvae. They also occasionally eat Bream, spiders, small amphibians and fish.

Features Mountain Dragon

This reptile is especially distinguished by spines on the back and neck, as well as above the eyes. In some specimens the crest on the head is made up of spines much larger than those on the back. An adult specimen has a body covered with scales and can reach a length of 24-30 cm.

In general, males are larger than females, reaching a maximum of 30 cm, and females only at a maximum of 27 cm. Depending on the intensity of the light, the Mountain Dragon can change its color to different shades of brownish or greenish.

The temperament of this lizard is calm and docile, it prefers to stay hidden in rock crevices or under rocks in mountain forests, at altitudes up to 750m.

When he feels in danger he tries to run into the thick bushes, if he fails to do so and has no way of escape then he inflates his neck sac – as a means of intimidating the enemy.

Mountain Dragon breeding

During the breeding season, in the rainy season, the female lays a number of 9-19 eggs in a nest made of plant materials on the ground, which she incubates for more than a month.

In order to be bred in captivity, it must be provided with a living space-a terrarium – whose minimum dimensions should be: 1 m long, 0.6 m wide and 1.20 m high. Of course, if the terrarium will be larger it is even better for the comfort of the reptile.

Humidity in the terrarium should be 70-80%, and the temperature of 25-27grc. For humidity, a fog generator or a water sprayer can be used, and for temperature regulation (it should never exceed 30grc) a thermostat is used.

It is very important to keep in mind that this lizard is a great water lover, so it is also known as the water dragon. Dehydration can be a real problem.

That is why it would be ideal if a basin with running water (an artificial fountain or other water mechanism) was used, because the mountain agama does not prefer standing water.

In the terrarium you can put thick branches with many leaves, natural or artificial, to achieve a necessary decoration for this species and a pleasant appearance terrarium. Its food consists of crickets, worms, grasshoppers, bream – which can be bought at fish shops.

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Mountain dragon | Facts & InformationMountain Dragon | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Mountain Dragon