Opossum | Facts & Information

# Opossum | Facts & Information

Opossum | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Opossum

After Virginia Opossum was named the first animal possum in 1610. Possum has its roots in the word" aposoum "which means"white beast".

Area: North America

Habitat: forests and water areas

Food: omnivorous

Size: 15 – 45 cm

Weight: 1-6 kg

Speed: 25 km / h (15 mph)

Colors: brown, white, black, gray

Breeding: 6 chicks

Predators: cat, fox, birds of prey

Live: solitary

Average age: 2 – 7 years

Features: has marsipium

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Opossum, known by the scientific name Didelphis virginiana, is one of the most interesting and curious animals in the world. Native to North and Central America, this fascinating creature is one of the oldest marsupials in the world and is often considered one of the most primitive animals that exist today. With their distinctive appearance and unique behavior, opossums continue to intrigue people and bring interest to them.

One of the most visible characteristics of opossums is their long and prehensile tail, which allows them to hang from branches and move through trees with ease. This tail plays an essential role in their life and has a specialized muscular and bony structure, which allows them to use it as support and a swing while moving. Outside of trees, opossums use their tail to move on the ground, although this method of movement is less common.

Regarding their physical appearance, opossums have dense and soft fur, which can vary in color from white to dark brown. This provides them with excellent camouflage in their natural environment and allows them to go unnoticed. Their size can vary depending on the species, although the common opossum is approximately the size of a domestic kitten, with an average weight of about 1-3 kilograms.

Another interesting aspect of opossums is their unique reproductive system. Opossums are marsupials, which means they have marsupial pouches in which they carry their offspring after birth. The female opossum usually carries about seven babies in the pouch above its abdomen, where they develop and are fed in the first months of life. After the babies are fully developed and independent, they leave the pouch and begin adult life.

Opossums have a fairly variable diet and are considered omnivorous animals. This means they can feed on a wide range of foods, from insects, fruits, and seeds to small vertebrates and even carcasses they find in their environment. One of the most notorious aspects of their diet is their ability to ingest worms and other insects that are considered harmful to gardens and crops.

However, perhaps the most well-known aspect of opossums is their behavior of playing dead when they feel threatened. This behavior is known as "playing possum" and involves lying on their back, stiffening, and emitting sounds that may seem like despair or suffering. This clever trick helps them escape dangerous situations, misleading predators and giving the opossum a chance to flee.

In conclusion, the opossum is a fascinating and unique animal that continues to amaze us with its behavior and distinctive characteristics. Although they are small animals, their adaptability and survival in various environments demonstrate the resilience and adaptability of the species. The study and understanding of opossums only adds to the beauty and richness of natural biodiversity and offers us the opportunity to know and appreciate these interesting and adorable creatures that have their place in the animal kingdom as a whole.









Opossums (Didelphimorphia) are the largest marsupials in the Western Hemisphere. They are also called "possums" out of convenience.

Possum Feed

Possums are omnivorous animals and have a very diverse diet. They feed on insects, frogs, birds, snakes, small mammals, Bream, etc.

They also eat fruit, or other food near the man's house or leftovers from their waste.

Possum Appearance

They are small to medium-sized marsupials with specimens the size of a mouse to specimens slightly larger than an ordinary house cat.

There are animals that live in trees, some species are omnivorous and others vegetarian. The incisors are very small, but the canines are large.

They use all their legs when moving. The opposable finger does not have a claw. Only females have marsupial. Possums have an enviable immune system.

This is seen against the venom of the Rattlesnake, for example, or other Vipers, to which it is partially immune or in some cases totally immune.

The chance of getting sick, if we were to compare it with a dog, is less than 800 times.

Possum Behavior

Possums are usually solitary, staying in an area as long as they find food and water easily accessible. They temporarily occupy abandoned burrows and make no effort to dig too much.

They are nocturnal animals and like all nocturnal animals prefer dark areas. These areas may be below ground level or not.

When they are in danger or feel threatened, they mimic the behavior of a sick or dead animal and spread a smell of death in the air. The lips are pulled back, the teeth pulled out and the bad smell is released by the anal glands.

Chicks can hang in the tail, adults not because they are too heavy. In defense, besides the teeth clearly displayed, they make a hiss to intimidate the enemy.

Possum Breeding

Like all marsupials possums have a reproductive cycle similar to that of kangaroos. Puppies are born early after a gestation period of only 12-14 days.

Once the Cubs are born, they must find their way to the marsupial. Sexual dimorphism is seen almost clearly from the beginning. Males are merrier, heavier, and have larger canines than females.

Couples mate several times. This increases the likelihood of fertilization.

Females give birth to a large number of Cubs, sometimes as many as 13, depending on the species. The chicks are itched after 70 to 125 days.

Life span is unusually short for a mammal of its size. Only 2 - 7 years.

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