Pomeranian | Facts & Information

# Pomeranian | Facts & Information

Pomeranian | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Pomeranian

Temperament: playful, friendly, active, intelligent, sociable

Origin: Germany

Group: Toy

Weight: 1-3 kg

Height: 18 – 30 cm

Dressage: relatively easy

Care: requires daily brushing

Health: robust

Chicken: 1-5 chickens

Average age: 12 – 16 years

The coat is double, having:

The most common colors of fur are:

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Colors: black, white, gray, brown, cream, orange

Other names: Zwergspitz, Dwarf Spitz, Loulou, Pom, Pompom

History-Pomeranian Breed

This breed is a small breed and is included in the group of spitz dogs. The breed was created in the area of Pomerania in eastern Germany, where the name of the Spitz type dogs comes from. The Pomeranian breed originated in England in the nineteenth century by shrinking the size of the mittel Spitz breed through preferential mating.

Queen Victoria's attention to the Pomeranian Breed led to a development in its popularity. The love and care that Queen Victoria gave to dogs of this breed, attracted the attention of dog breeders in England. They began to develop the breed and grow numerous small specimens.

Since the 1900s Pomeranian dogs have participated in many canine competitions and these were also the first step to writing the breed standard. Attention was paid to the following aspects:




Also at that time, a diverse range of colors were acceptable for this breed. The first specimens of this breed possessed the color:




At a canine competition in 1920, he won an orange specimen, and the entire color palette accepted until then was changed for this breed.

Starting in 1892, the first Pomeranian breed participated in a canine show in New York City, and after 1900 it received the recognition of this breed in America.

The Pomeranian breed has experienced an impressive development in terms of popularity, managing to become one of the most loved and appreciated breeds in America.

Appearance-Pomeranian breed

The Pomeranian dog is small and has a fox - like appearance specific to Spitz specimens. One of the defining features of the breed is represented by the tail covered by a dense fur, which gives it a voluminous appearance.

The dog has a weight between 1.5-3 kilograms.

The head is in harmony with the rest of the body. The skull is large in size compared to the muzzle, it is conical in shape with a black nose. It shows round eyes of a dark shade, slightly almond-shaped.

The ears are raised, small in size and rounded at the tip.

The chest is Oval in shape and extends to the side of the knees. From the front, the legs of the dog of this breed are quite apart, being parallel and positioned well behind the chest.

A soft and fluffy coat on the inside;

A layer of long, raised hair on the outside.




Pomeranian "Merle" represents a color recently developed by breeders, being an association of gray with blue.

Food-Pomeranian Breed

The amount of daily food involves dry food of good quality, divided into two meals. A Pomeranian runs the risk of becoming overweight if there is no attention to his meal and may experience serious health problems.

Dogs of this breed burn calories in a faster time than in other breeds, being a very active dog.

It is important that the food has a rich content of:




“Good " fats.

If he consumes quality food, this will be noticeable in the energy that the dog has, the shine of the fur or even in the way of playing.

Some of the most appreciated ingredients that the Pomeranian dog consumes are:

Meat-chicken breast;

Vegetables-potatoes, zucchini;

Organs-liver, brain;


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Personality-Pomeranian Breed

Obedient and determined, the Pomeranian dog is an active dog that exhibits strong behavior. He can adapt quite easily in an apartment only if he always has work to do. When in a group, the dog becomes restless and barks quite a lot.

Energetic and curious, dogs of this breed are effective guards because they bark at any movement or extraneous person. He needs lessons to get used to numerous situations and learn to stop barking at everything.

Personality is influenced by several factors, including:




Puppies are always keen to play, being prepared to get close to the people around them. The Pomeranian breed is known as a reserved one in the presence of strangers, some can even be noisy and unfriendly.

The active Pomeranian is always eager to play, being recommended for families with older children who can take care of the dog. In homes with young children, the dog is at risk of being accidentally injured if it is in the situation of not being supervised.

The dog of this breed easily makes friends with other animals, especially if they live in the same space. They need to be protected from large dogs because they tend to “duel” with them.

Daily movement is necessary, being an active dog. They love to run and need a space to do so.

They are intelligent, balanced dogs and always need to be busy with something. Socialization must be carried out from the time of being a chicken, in order to form a suitable behavior towards humans and other animals.

Dressage-Pomeranian Breed

This breed is difficult to train. They like freedom a lot and are not always docile. They are easily stubborn and need a determined but gentle hand to train them.

Food is an effective motivational way. Training sessions should be short, based on learning some rules. Being quite reluctant with new people, they can become fearful or even attack.

When leadership is established, Pomerian dogs adapt very well to training lessons, being dogs that like to use their brains.

They can do well in activities involving agility, observation and assistance as therapy animals. They are effective in therapies with people who need hearing assistance and bring joy to patients in hospitals or nursing homes.

Read more about ... Pet Dog Training

Features-Pomeranian Breed

Being an active breed, it needs many daily walks or indoor activities like trick training. They are always eager to be in the spotlight and learn new things. In this way, a connection is created between the dog and the master.

The Pomeranian breed needs a lot of mental activity to avoid the appearance of behavioral problems.

Their double fur is their most special feature. Weekly brushing is important to keep the fur beautiful.

This breed also shows some weaknesses, among them problems with teeth and ears. Some dogs may have conditions involving mild or severe deafness.

They may also have heart or bone problems due to a genetic inheritance.

Diseases Pomeranian

The life expectancy of a dog of the Pomeranian breed is 12 to 16 years.

Pomeranian dogs have predispositions to treatable conditions, such as:

Dislocation of a shoulder;


Progressive retinal atrophy.

A regular veterinary consultation is important to perform certain heart tests and examinations on the eyes, ears and knees.

It has a sensitivity to dislocation of the kneecaps and to infections of the eyes. A sticky substance may gather at eye level, for this reason it is recommended to check and clean weekly.

Dental problems can also occur if the teeth are not cleaned and brushed weekly.

A dog of the Pomeranian Breed will not experience health problems if it has the right and balanced nutrition and daily exercise.

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