The lobster | Facts & Information

# The lobster | Facts & Information

The lobster | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About The lobster

Lobsters are part of the family Homaridae, a family of marine crustaceans. From an economic point of view lobsters are the basis of a global industry. They fish for consumption and for that the whole business costs amount to more than a billion dollars annually.

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The Lobster

The lobster

The lobster, known scientifically as Homarus, is a fascinating creature that belongs to the Crustacea class and holds great importance in gastronomy and the fishing industry. It is a popular member of the lobster family and is frequently found in ocean waters and some seas, such as the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. In this article, we will explore the characteristics and importance of lobsters, as well as how they are utilized in various fields.

The lobster is recognized for its distinctive and robust body covered with a hard carapace, which protects it from predators and other dangers of the marine environment. It can reach impressive sizes, with some adult lobster species even reaching 60 centimeters in length and weighing over 8 kilograms. Their body is composed of two main parts: the head and the trunk, also known as the abdomen.

The lobster's head is made up of a series of appendages and essential organs. It is equipped with long and thin antennae, which detect scents and capture food particles from the water. Lobsters also have a pair of compound and powerful eyes, providing them with good vision and allowing them to monitor their surroundings.

The lobster's trunk is composed of segments and is equipped with powerful limbs adapted for moving on the seafloor and capturing food. They have strong claws, known as chelae, which are used to fight rivals or potential predators, as well as to catch and eat food.

Lobsters are known for their varied diet, which includes a wide range of marine species and organisms. They primarily feed on smaller invertebrates such as mollusks, crabs, and other crustaceans, but they won't hesitate to attack smaller fish or even dead fish. This adaptability in terms of food is essential for their survival, as it allows them to exploit different marine habitats and survive in diverse conditions.

Another important aspect of lobsters is their reproductive cycle. They reproduce through internal fertilization, with females depositing eggs at the base of their abdomen in the form of special membranes. These eggs are then protected and cared for by the females until they reach the larval stage. Lobster larvae are then released into the water and fend for themselves, going through different developmental stages until they become adolescents and transform into adults.

Due to their impressive size and nutritional content, lobsters have become a highly sought-after species in the fishing industry. They are captured through various methods, but lobster fishing is one of the most demanding and risky fishing activities. Professional fishermen engage in long sea expeditions, using special equipment and traps to catch these precious marine creatures.

Lobsters also have significant importance in gastronomy, being considered a delicacy in many parts of the world. Their meat is prized for its distinctive taste and delicate texture. Lobsters can be cooked in a variety of ways, such as grilled, boiled, or fried, often served with special sauces and spices to enhance their natural flavor.

In conclusion, the lobster is a fascinating animal adapted to the marine environment and holds significant importance in various fields. From its distinctive characteristics and adaptations to its reproductive cycle and varied diet, to their capture in the fishing industry and their utilization in gastronomy, the lobster is certainly a subject worthy of detailed exploration. Due to their ecological and economic importance, it is crucial to ensure that lobster populations are managed sustainably and protected to allow them to survive and thrive in their natural environment.










They are revered for their flavor.

They are found in all oceans. they live on sand, mud or rocky bottoms of waters. They generally live alone in burrows or in rocks.

The European lobster found in Britain and Ireland is smaller, more expensive and rarer than that found in America.

Lobster Feed

Lobsters are omnivorous and eat live food. They feed on fish, mollusks, other crustaceans, worms and some plants.

They also eat leashes and resort to cannibalism in captivity if needed, this has not been observed in the wild.

After moulting it eats its "skin".

Lobster Appearance

Lobsters are marine invertebrate animals that have a protective Bony carapace. Like most lobsters, they shed. During the moulting process they change color.

They have 10 legs to move with and two pliers like two claws for cutting. It has two long antennas that use them as sensors when walking on the bottom of the water because it disturbs the water and the eyes cannot help it in these conditions.

Lobsters, like snails andpaianjeni have blue blood due to a substance that contains copper. Lobsters have a liveropancreas that replace the liver and pancreas.

Generally lobsters are 25-50cm long. When they run they swim fast backwards at a speed of 5m/s.

Lobster Behavior

Research shows that lobsters cannot slow down, weaken or lose fertility with age. The older lobsters grow, the more fertile they are.

This is due to an enzyme and its DNA. Because of this, lobsters can reach incredible sizes, in Canada was caught a lobster weighing over 20 kg.

The most common way to kill a lobster is by scalding it with boiling water, but it is also practiced the method of sticking a knife into the brain before boiling. In some countries it is forbidden to kill by boiling, for example in Italy offenders receive fines of 500 euros.

Lobsters are caught in cages placed in water with depths between 2 and 900m, although lobsters are also found at 3700m. steel cages are covered with plastic or wood. A lobster fisherman can lay out 2,000 traps.

Lobster Breeding

Male lobsters deposit sperm on the underside of the female, and she will later use the sperm. The female can store sperm for several months until it is time to lay eggs, usually between July and august.

Females give birth every two years. The number of eggs depends on the size of the female, about 5000 eggs for a 25cm female and 40,000 for a 36cm female.

There were also cases when a 43cm female laid 63,000 eggs and another larger one almost 100,000.

The egg mass is permanently" aerated " so as not to deposit impurities and not to cover to be well oxygenated. Female lobsters carry their eggs for 10-11 months. After birth the young are small and vulnerable (2-3cm long).

The high mortality in infancy is why the female lobster lays so many eggs.

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The lobster | Facts & InformationThe Lobster | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About The Lobster