The weaver bird | Facts & Information

# The weaver bird | Facts & Information

The weaver bird | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About The weaver bird

Very little is known about the Kilombero weaver bird (Ploceus burnieri) to date. It occupies only one valley located in Tanzania and was discovered in 1986; it belongs to the bird family Ploceidae – a family that includes 109 species and 12 genera, generically called weaver birds, because of the way they build their nests.

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The Weaver Bird

The weaver bird

890

Animals

36

Species

8

Languages

32

Facts

Origin

To attract females, male weavers weave, with the help of powerful beaks, nests made of young branches and grass strands. They have a round shape, the entrance is located on the side or bottom of them. The Shape of the nests, as well as the construction technique, differ depending on the species.

For example," Ploceus nigricollis " build their nests in a tubular shape, with their mouths down. The nests are examined by the females, who, if they are satisfied with the appearance, start lining them with feathers in order to lay the eggs.

Being a polygamous bird, after installing a female in a nest, the male begins to nest for another female.

Feed the weaver bird

Their food consists of insects, fruits, seeds. Numerous species of weaver birds live near agricultural crops.

They frequently live in large colonies, such as "Quelea quelea", flocks that can reach 100,000 specimens, in some cases causing great damage to agricultural crops. In East Africa, flocks have been found to have flown more than 1,000 km in search of food.

Sometimes, when in areas inhabited by humans, they consume discarded debris.

Their natural predators are the Eagle, marabou and snakes that sneak through the narrow entrance on the underside of the nest.

Features bird Weaver

The plumage of the Kilombero weaver bird is yellow with Brown, the lower parts of the body are of a special bright yellow. The wings are also yellow with brown stripes. Males have a face covered with a kind of black mask, with the edges of a dark chestnut, which narrows to a point located above the chest.

The females represent the drab version of the males, having more washed plumage and not having this black mask on the face. Kilombero weaver birds have dark brown eyes, black beak and legs covered with brown skin.

They make a series of sounds, in the form of rumbles, hums and squeaks, typical of all members of the weavers ' family.

The small and uneven distribution of Kilombero birds is caused by a number of biological factors, including their close physical association with Reed, meaning that during floods it is the only vegetation they can feed on.

They cannot live in areas near trees, as these forested areas are the habitat of a competitor of their own, namely the Golden weaver bird Ploceus subaureus.

Breeding weaver bird

It is believed that mating takes place in the wet season , most likely between January and April, the choice of this period may be due to the superior quality of the Reed heads at this time of year.

Kilombero nest in colonies of up to 30 pairs, on the stems protruding from the water of the reeds. Females lay one or two eggs. During the dry season the birds have been observed starting in flocks on the ground in search of food.

At the moment the population has between 2500 and 10,000 mature individuals and covers an area of 1500 square km.

The number of individuals is decreasing because the species is threatened by various factors among which the largest, usually, is man.

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The weaver bird | Facts & InformationThe Weaver Bird | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About The Weaver Bird