Transylvanian hounds | Facts & Information

# Transylvanian Hounds | Facts & Information

Transylvanian Hounds | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Transylvanian Hounds

Other names: Transylvanian Hound, Capau, braco Transylvanicus, Hungarian hound, Transylvanian scenthound, Erdelyi kopo, Transylvanian bracke, Siebenburgenbracke, Transylvanischer Laufhund, Siebenburgischer Laufhund

Origin: Romania

Group: Hounds

Weight: 1.8 – 2.7 kg

Height: 45 - 65 cm

Colors: black, yellow, white

Dressage: unwieldy, is stubborn

Care: short coat

Temperament: devoted, persevering, loyal,

Puppies: 6 – 8

Average age: 10 – 12 years

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Transylvanian Hounds

Transylvanian Hounds









Health: resistant, no known hereditary diseases.


The breed was formed in Transylvania over the centuries under specific hunting conditions. The Transylvanian Hound comes from crossing several breeds brought to our country by Hungarians, Russians and Turks. As a result of these crosses, the rusec Brach (Tatar Hound) was formed.

The first illustrations of the Transylvanian Hound date from the years 1100 – 1200. Other illustrations show King Sigismund of Luxembourg with a hound in front of the throne. On a silver cup from Transylvania from the 17th century are represented two Transylvanian hounds hunting bears. The first official record took place in 1886.

The noble courts of Transylvania had many hunting dogs. Changes in the 19th century and diminishing forest areas restricted the hunting of hounds in Transylvania. In the northern part of Transylvania in the 1940s the Transylvanian Hound was part of the endowment of gendarmes units.

Hunting laws in Romania declared the breed" Raptor Beast " and it was on the verge of extinction. After 1944 no purebred nest of Transylvanian hounds was recorded.

The luck was that some pure specimens remained in the peasants. Starting with the 1960s, the revitalization of the breed began and in 1966 the Transylvanian Hound was officially recognized by the FCI (International Kennel Federation).

The most detailed description of the breed is due to the ornithologist and Hunter from Brasov Ede Czynk (1851-1899) who States:

„.. the gentlemen of the country organized well-designed hunts, lasting several days, with the participation of serfs, to which were used and some hounds kept on leash, who either rummaged the game or were harassed by people, ran in front of the riflemen.

My father, who was born in 1798, even at the age of 84 ... the story that grandfather, who lived 89 years, in his youth hunted bison in the ghurghi mountains... our hounds spread throughout Transylvania”. We find especially good quality hounds in mountainous, forest areas on the largest extent of the country.

The Transylvanian Hound is the only breed of hunting dog created in Romania.

Food of the Transylvanian Hounds

Being a dog that puts a considerable effort in hunting food must be quality. It is good that the food is varied. Food should be divided into a minimum of 2-3 meals a day.

In the winter period it is good to serve food warm. It is recommended that industrial food should exceed 20% fat.

When going hunting should be fed in the evening so as not to have food in the stomach in the morning. It is preferred that the animal leaves with an empty stomach to hunt.

His diet can include salami, various broths, chicken legs, rice, can combine food with grains. 50-50 or 40-60.

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Appearance of Transylvanian Hounds

The Transylvanian Hound is present in two varieties, one with short legs and one with long legs. The long-legged one is 55-65 cm tall and the short-legged one 45-50 cm.

It is a larger breed of dog than medium-sized dogs. The skin of the head has no wrinkles, and the lips do not hang. Medium-sized ears if pulled over the eyes must reach over them. The color of the eyes is yellowish-brown or darker. The long, strong tail thins towards the tip.

The foot is round, with strong fingers and claws. The hair is coarse, shiny and relatively short. The fur is velvety black with yellow marks. On the chest should have a clean white spot. They are often born with white feet.

Besides the black hounds are also raised yellow-brown hounds with larger or smaller chest spots.

The smell is very well developed and a very good sense of orientation. Ideal for him is the large yard where he can run at will.

Elimination defects: short muzzle, feffectual teeth, wiry, soft or wavy hair, aggression, mental instability.

Males must have two obvious testicles, normally developed and fully lowered into the scrotum.

Transylvanian Hound behavior

The Transylvanian Hound is a dog that forms strong bonds with the family, especially with the one who cares for him the most and gives him the most attention. A devoted dog who protects and protects his family and home.

It is a stalker-stalker, with excellent qualities to hand and stop hunting, but can be used for searching and other typical limier tasks. Having a particularly developed sense of smell, he is able to persistently search for cold and fresh traces. he chuckles (short barks) characteristic, and during the chase he barks in a high, resounding tone, which can be heard from a great distance during the hunt. Raptors of smaller stature are caught and strangled, large game is handled and stopped. Persistently barking the hunted stopped or injured.

Transylvanian Hound training

Training the Transylvanian Hound is harder because it is stubborn. He tends to be independent.

If trained with patience and skill, quality results can be obtained. Harsh measures and quarrels are contraindicated.

It is said that a strong apostrophe affects it so badly that it can be unusable for several days.

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Features of the Transylvanian Hounds

On a hunt the Transylvanian Hound can run 80-100 km. He always goes back to the starting place. It can be used in vantaore in small packs of 3-5 hounds, but also individually.

It is an independent dog that works miles from its owner to solve certain situations. It is adapted to follow you over long distances.

The Transylvanian long-legged Hound Variety was used for large game such as bison, bears, wild boar or lynx, and the Transylvanian short-legged Hound was used for small game such as foxes or rabbits on open ground and chamois in rocky areas.

The barking is thick and strong. He stops at the request of the master or when he sees that the person has no evil intentions.

It is a great companion dog. She has an active, playful and loving nature. He gets along well with the little ones, tends to be territorial and has to socialize with other animals since he is a hunting dog. Sometimes he may have a tendency to chase squirrels if he is not trained properly. He's smart and skilful.

Diseases of the Transylvanian Hounds

This breed of dog is very hardy. No hereditary diseases are known.

Females give birth to 6-8 Cubs.

The life expectancy of the Transylvanian Hound is 10-12 years.

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