Wild boar | Facts & Information

# Wild boar | Facts & Information

Wild boar | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Wild boar

The boar is the ancestor of the domestic pig, belongs to the family Suidae, the scientific name being Sus scrofa attila. It is also known as glican (Transylvania), wild pig. Strong males are also called boars, and godach or fat piglets.

Area: Europe, Africa and Asia

Habitat: in the forest

Food: Omnivorous

Size: 55cm-100cm

Weight: 80kg-175kg

Speed: 48kph (30mph)

Colors: brown, red, black, gray

Breeding: 5 chicks

Predators: Tiger, Wolf

Live: in the herd

Average age: 15 – 20 years

Features: large Rat, round and sharp fangs

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Wild Boar

Wild boar

The wild boar is a fascinating wild animal that lives in the forests of Europe, Asia, and North America. It is recognized for its characteristic appearance, as well as its aggressive and powerful behavior. In this article, we aim to explore some interesting aspects about this animal and better understand how it lives in the wild.

The wild boar (Sus scrofa) belongs to the Suidae family and is an omnivorous mammal. Adult males can weigh over 150 kilograms, while females are smaller, with an average weight of about 100 kilograms. Wild boars have a robust appearance, with a short stature and powerful legs. Their bodies are covered with a thick layer of rough fur, which protects them from harsh climates.

One of the most distinctive features of the wild boar is its massive head, equipped with impressive tusks. These tusks are usually more developed in males and serve them to fight with each other or defend their territory. It is important to note that wild boars are extremely aggressive and dangerous animals, so any encounter with a specimen in the wild should be avoided.

Regarding habitat, the wild boar adapts to a variety of environments, from dense forests to open areas such as fields and swamps. In Romania, these boars are most commonly found in the deciduous forests of the Carpathians. When it comes to food, wild boars are omnivorous and feed on a wide range of foods. They can consume roots, tubers, fruits, seeds, as well as insects, worms, and other small animals.

Wild boars are social animals and live in a herd. The herd is led by a dominant male, called a boar, who has control over resources and ensures the security of the herd. Herd members are allowed to feed together and maintain a certain social hierarchy. Hibernation is not a specific behavior of wild boars, but they may seek shelter in underground dens, called burrows, to protect themselves from cold and predators.

Wild boar reproduction usually occurs in the autumn-winter period. Gestation lasts about 4 months, and the female gives birth to a litter of piglets, sometimes even up to seven. After birth, the piglets stay with their mother until the age of 8-10 months, when they become independent.

However, the population of wild boars has been declining in recent years due to the fragmentation of their natural habitats, deforestation, and excessive hunting. In certain areas, protective and conservation measures are taken to preserve wild boar populations, with the aim of conserving biodiversity and ensuring the survival of this wild animal.

In conclusion, the wild boar is an impressive wild animal, with aggressive behavior and remarkable adaptability to different environments. Despite facing threats and habitat loss, it is important to take appropriate measures to protect and conserve this species and ensure that we can coexist harmoniously with these wonderful wild animals.









The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is a wild animal, mammal and omnivore. Its range covers the whole of Europe, northern Africa, much of Asia, stretching south to Indonesia. In Romania it inhabits forests starting with the delta and the Danube floodplain, up to the Carpathian thickets.

Met quite rarely in the lyrics dedicated to forest creatures, but often mentioned in the savory hunting stories, Wild Boars! it bears the label of a "terrible beast", being considered a symbol of unbridled power, violence and savagery.

Feeding Wild Boar

Wild boar prefers forests with fruit-producing forest species, oak and Beech, for food and thickets for shelter.

Here's how the Wild Boar gets its food. It needs moist land with stagnant water.

It is an omnivorous animal, feeding on underground roots and stems, berries, agricultural plants, larvae, Bream, gastropods, bird eggs, corpses. Generally 85% of its food is of plant origin and 15% animal.

Wild Boar Appearance

It is a robust animal, its body length reaching 2 m in males and 1.5 m in females. The tail is 15 – 20 cm long, and at the tip has a more hairy tuft. At the withers it reaches a height of up to a meter.

The muzzle is elongated and powerful, finished with a cartilaginous disc in which the nostrils of the boar are placed. Its dentition is strong, the canines are very developed.

They are recurved, with triangular section and length up to 28 cm, implanted in the lower jaw, about two thirds of their length, constituting a formidable defense weapon. The skin, being rough and thickened, is also a defense weapon.

Each foot has four toes, two of which are well developed, with strong hooves, and the other two are rudimentary and placed on the inner face of the foot, like Spurs.

The adult fur consists of long and rough bristles, split at the tip. On the nape, along the spine, grows a Mane made up of long and rough bristles.

Wild Boar Behavior

Of the senses the most developed are smell and hearing, seeing being weaker.

Its activity is predominantly nocturnal. The Wild Boar manifests an instinct of association in groups, called sows, led by old sows. Mature males prefer solitary life.

In general, the Wild Boar does not attack the human when it is at the Strait, cornered and injured, and the human is in its immediate vicinity. It moves in small, sportive trots, with which it can travel long distances in search of food.

When needed, he also gallops, but for short distances. swim well, but only forced by circumstances.

Wild Boar Breeding

The Wild Boar manifests an instinct of association in groups, called sows, led by old sows. Mature males prefer solitary life.

The mating season is winter, between November and December. Gestation lasts 17 weeks, after which each sow has 5 to 10 piglets with which it remains until November of the following year.

The sow cares for her cubs well, defending them against enemies. These are the Wolf, the Lynx, sometimes the bear. Of the diseases, the most dangerous is swine fever.

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Wild boar | Facts & InformationWild Boar | Discover Fascinating Facts and Information About Wild Boar